Dr. P. K. Das

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi, Delhi 110076

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

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What is Prostate Cancer? Causes, Symptoms and Preventions

prostate cancer specialist in Delhi
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There are the early prostate cancers that usually do not cause the symptoms. However, there are the more advanced cancers that are sometimes found before time. They are found faster due to the many symptoms that they cause. 

The prostate specific antigen or the PSA is a protein made by the cells in the prostate gland. 

Suppose prostate cancer is suspected based on the results of the screening tests or the symptoms, the tests will be required to be sure of. You might be seeing the primary care doctor. Additionally, you might be referred to a urologist. There might be a doctor who treats the cancers of the genital and even the urinary tract, including the prostate. To see a doctor, you can search for prostate cancer specialist in Delhi.

Causes of Prostate Cancer 

It is totally unclear what causes prostate cancer. The doctors who are looking after us, know that prostate cancer always begins when the cells in the prostate develop the changes in the DNA. To know more about which tests to conduct, you can search for the best cancer specialist in Delhi.

The DNA of a cell contains the instructions that always tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and also divide more rapidly than the normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living whenever the other cells die.

There might be the accumulation of the abnormal cells that forma tumour. The tumour can grow in order to invade the nearby tissues. Some time passes by and the other abnormal cells can always break away and spread in metastasize to all the other parts of the body.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Sadly, prostate cancer might cause no signs or symptoms in the early stages. Also, prostate cancer that is more advanced might cause the signs or the symptoms such as –

  • Trouble in urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of the urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • Pain in the bones
  • Losing weight unnaturally
  • Erectile dysfunction 

If the cancer spreads outside the prostrate gland, there are the symptoms and the signs that might include –

  • Pain in the back, hips, thighs, shoulders, or the other bones
  • Swelling or the fluid build-up in the legs or the feet
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Change in the bowel habits

Preventions of Prostate Cancer

Well, there is no proven prostate cancer prevention strategy. You might however reduce the risk of prostate cancer by making the healthiest of choices. These might be things such as exercising or even eating a healthy diet.

You might be concerned regarding your risk of prostate cancer. Hence you may also be interested in prostate cancer prevention process.

We can add here again that there is absolutely no sure way to prevent prostate cancer. There are the study results that often conflict with one other. Most studies are present that are not designed to definitively prove whether something at all prevents the prostate cancer.

Generally, the doctors recommend that the men with an average risk of prostate cancer can make certain choices. There can be the choices that benefit the overall health. This happens in case if they are interested in prostate cancer prevention.

  • Choosing a healthy diet – There are certain evidences that choosing a healthy diet that is low in fat and also full of fruits and vegetables might be able to contribute to a lower risk of prostate cancer. But the research results could be mixed and this has not been proven concretely.
  • Maintenance of a healthy weight – there are the men who are obese. There is the body mass index or the BMI. This is for those who are thirty years of age or even higher. People in this age bar might have an increased risk of prostate cancer.
  • Regular exercise – there are the studies of exercise and prostate cancer risk. The studies have mostly shown that men who exercise regularly might have a reduced risk of prostate cancer.

Exercise, essentially, has many other health benefits that might reduce the complete risk of the heart diseases and the other cancers. Additionally, exercise can help you maintain your weight. Also, it can help you lose the weight.

There is the actual diagnosis of prostate cancer that can only be made with the prostate biopsy. Suppose your doctor suspects that you might have prostate cancer, then he or she shall ask you about any of the symptoms that you are having. 

The above symptoms might include urinary or even the sexual problems. The doctor might also ask how long you have witnessed the symptoms. The doctor shall also examine you. For the best suggestions, you can visit Dr. PK Das, the best oncology doctor in Delhi.

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