Kidney cancer is a condition where there is the abnormal growth of cells. This is in the kidney tissues. These cells might form a mass called a tumor. Cancer might begin when something triggers a change in the cells.
Suppose you have symptoms, there is the doctor who shall perform an entire medical history. There might be a physical exam as well. The doctor might additionally order certain tests. The tests can assist in diagnosing and even assessing cancer. To see a doctor, you can search for kidney cancer specialist in Delhi.
There are those tests that can include –
- Urine tests – here, a sample of urine can be tested to find out if it contains blood. Let us just add that even very small traces of blood, invisible to the naked eye, can be detected in the tests for the urine samples.
- Blood tests – blood tests are those that are done in order to count the number of every one of the different sorts of blood cells. You can also look at the different electrolytes in the body. There is always a blood test that can show if there are too few red blood cells or anemia.
There is also the kidney function that can be impaired by looking at the creatinine. To know more about which tests to conduct, you can search for top oncologist in Delhi.
Causes of kidney cancer
Sadly, the exact cause of kidney cancer is still unknown. However, there are several risk factors that have completely been identified. Let us just say that a risk factor is a certain characteristic or behaviour that increases the chances of developing a certain disease. Let us list down the risk factors for kidney cancer so you can be aware.
- Smoking – well, not surprisingly, smokers are at a greater risk for kidney cancer. Also, we add here that the longer a person smokes, the higher is the risk.
- Obesity – obesity is a high-risk factor for kidney cancer. Frankly, the more overweight a person is, the higher the risk.
- High blood pressure – high blood pressure is also known as hypertension. High blood pressure has completely been linked to the increased risk for kidney cancer.
- Family history – people might have a lot of family members. They might have had kidney cancer in the past. They also might have an increased risk for developing cancer themselves.
- Radiation – sadly, women who have been treated with radiation for cancer (of the reproductive organs) might have a slightly increased risk for the development of kidney cancer.
- Gene changes or mutations – there are the genes that contain instructions for the functioning of a cell. There can be changes in certain genes who can increase the risk for developing kidney cancer.
- Long term dialysis treatment – dialysis is the great process for cleaning the blood. This is done by passing it through a certain machine. Dialysis is utilized when a person’s kidneys stop functioning properly.
Symptoms of kidney cancer
Kidney cancer might not produce any sort of noticeable symptoms. This is actually dangerous as we can all guess here. This can happen in the early stages of cancer. Additionally, the tumor grows and then symptoms might begin to be found.
For this reason, kidney cancer might go about undiagnosed. This might happen until it has begun to spread.
We can list down here certain symptoms of kidney cancer. These include –
- Blood in the urine (this is a certain condition, called hematuria)
- A lump or even a mass in the area of the kidney
- Pain in the sides
- Feelings of tiredness
- The general sense of feeling unwell
- Loss of appetite or weight
- Fever of low grade
- Pain in the bones
- Blood pressure that is high
- Anemia (the condition that primarily results from not having enough red blood cells)
Preventions of kidney cancer
Let us just accept that different factors cause different types of cancer. There are the researchers who always continue to look into which factors cause kidney cancer. There are also those ways involved to prevent them. Additionally, there is no proven way to completely prevent kidney cancer, you might be able to kind of lower the risk by doing the following –
- Quitting smoking
- Lowering the blood pressure
- Maintaining a healthy body weight
- Eating a diet that is high in fruits and vegetables and also lower in fat
Well, kidney cancer is often curable. The chance of recovery from kidney cancer depends in the type and the stage of cancer. Suppose the cancer is detected early, then it can be treated. It should be detected in the early stages. This should be before it breaks through the outer covering of the kidney.