According to the studies, out of all the new cancer cases diagnosed in India, 8% accounts for blood cancer. Out of the three main types of blood cancer, Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma, Leukemia makes up 25% of the cancer diagnosis.
Leukemia is the cancer of white blood cells, bone marrow, and the lymphatic system. The bone marrow is responsible for generating white blood cells that prevent the body from contagious diseases and foreign invaders. A person is diagnosed with leukemia when the bone marrow produces more white blood cells, overcoming other blood cells. It results in the poor functioning of white blood cells.
Like any other cancer, the treatment is easier and more beneficial when diagnosed in the early stages. But in so many cases, patients are not aware of the symptoms, which gives the disease the time to develop into the next stage. Factors that affect the early detection of cancer:
Here we will be covering all the necessary information about leukemia.
The symptoms of leukemia grow slowly over time. Many of its symptoms look like flu, while the indications of flu decrease over time, leukemia’s symptoms keep getting worse. The symptoms include
If you have been experiencing these symptoms for more than two weeks, you should visit a cancer specialist in Delhi NCR.
The treatment for leukemia depends on many factors. The leukemia specialist doctors in Delhi considers the following factors before selecting a particular treatment:
The most common procedures for leukemia treatment in Delhi are:
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for various types of cancers. A single chemical or a variety of chemicals are given to the patient to cure cancer. These chemicals kill leukemia cells. The dose of chemicals depends on the severity of the disease.
Radiation therapy is a fine example of using advanced technology to cure serious diseases. X Rays or high-energy radiations damage leukemia cells. Radiation may be given where the most number of leukemia cells are present or can be given to the entire body.
The bone marrow produces the excess white blood cells that lead to leukemia. It helps in establishing a new and healthy bone marrow by replacing the old one. Before stem cell transplant, chemotherapy and radiation therapy kill the damaged cells. After that, new stem cells are infused for the creation of blood cells.
This therapy focuses on a particular abnormality of the cancer cell and works by preventing these abnormalities. Other medications may follow the targeted therapy.
Immunotherapy works by activating or suppressing the immune system that fights the diseases. The protein produced in cancer cells helps cancer in protecting itself from the immune function. Immunotherapy halts this process to make the functions of the immune system effective.
This therapy works by engineering the chimeric antigen receptors cells to fight back the cancer cells. The CAR-T cells are germ-fighting cells by specialization. They can be designed to treat certain types of leukemia.
Specialists do many clinical trials to discover new ways to fight leukemia cancer. It allows the patients to get the latest treatment based on research and is equipped with the most advanced technology.
Researchers still do not know the main reasons that lead to Leukemia cancer, but over time, they have come up with some of the risk factors that contribute to it.
Age and gender are two other factors that explain the development of leukemia. The chances of having blood cancer increase with age. Also, men are more likely to have leukemia than women.
Leukemia is categorized based on
Acute and chronic leukemia is based on the disease’s growth rate, and Lymphocytic and Myelogenous Leukemia are based on the cell types.
The four main types of leukemia are:
The stage of all four types of cancer are diagnosed based on different types of systems.
Early symptoms of leukemia
The early symptoms of leukemia are similar to that of fever. But the symptoms of fever usually go away in two weeks. If the warning signs last for more than two weeks, consult a doctor. The warning signs include:
Leukemia is more common in people aged 55 or above. The life expectancy depends on the age, time of diagnosis, the severity of cancer, and the damage already done to the body.
If you or any loved one have been experiencing the symptoms of leukemia or have been diagnosed with the disease, you should visit the best medical oncologist In Delhi, Dr. PK Das.
The pain is mostly felt in the bones. You may feel acute to severe pain in the stomach, joints, and ribcage.
The five-year survival rate is 83% after the diagnosis. However, the rate may differ based on many factors.
The detection of leukemia cancer at stage one gives a patient more time to get proper treatment. With regular treatment, a person with stage 1 leukemia can live up to 10 years.